Kindergarten incorporates the Math Expressions curriculum; a web-based, digitally connected program that uses hands on manipulatives and teaches students to solve addition and subtraction problems using a variety of strategies and techniques. There are five crucial classroom structures that allow Kindergarten children to develop deep conceptual understanding, then practice, apply and discuss what they know with skill and confidence. Daily Routines and Quick Practice involve whole class responses or individual partner practice, provide daily review and are sometimes led by student leaders. Math Talk is used to have students share strategies and solutions orally and through drawings. Students will practice explaining their thinking and listening to others. Objects or manipulatives, drawings, conceptual language and real-world situations will strengthen mathematical concepts and understanding. A helping community in the classroom provides an environment for students to be both teachers and learners and develop the confidence to take risks in their thinking. Student Leaders support student growth by helping them to learn to lead practice and discussion routines. Kindergarten units include topics covering the following core concepts: understanding numbers 1-10; exploring 5-groups; teen numbers as tens and ones; math partners, problem drawings, and tens; consolidation of concepts; money, time, measurement, and numbers.